Asthma Treatment

What are the treatments for asthma?

Asthma is a chronic, long-term disease that causes inflammation and blockage of a person's airways. While no cure exists, many measures are available that can help people control the condition and improve their quality of life.

Treatment focuses on a person keeping their chronic symptoms in check and avoiding triggers while receiving quick relief during severe flare-ups.


Doctors call a flare-up of asthma symptoms an asthma attack, and the treatment they prescribe tries to limit further attacks and reduce the need for rapid medication.


Also, treatment aims to restore and maintain a person's lung function, activity levels, and sleep patterns.


As the disease has a variety of causes and people of all ages can have it, most individuals will have a different action plan and course of treatment.


In this article, we explore the management options for asthma.


Controlling asthma

Asthma care places responsibility for treatment with both the doctor and the individual with the condition.


Working with a doctor and following the suggested action plan to the letter is vital for reducing the impact of asthma.


Avoiding asthma triggers is a primary way to reduce the risk of a severe attack and chronic symptoms.


Exercise is a potential trigger but maintaining an active physical regimen is an essential part of healthful living. People can ask their doctor about medications that might improve their asthma symptoms during physical activity.


Asthma action plan

When a doctor diagnoses asthma, they will take into account the causes. Nevertheless, adapting asthma treatment into an existing lifestyle is necessary for keeping symptoms in check.


An asthma action plan will guide a person through the following:


taking medication correctly

avoiding triggers

measuring levels of asthma control

responding to attacks or worsening symptoms

getting emergency care if necessary

The doctor will personalize the action plan to the individual's specific needs and take them through how they must actively participate.


When a child receives an asthma action plan, they must share it with any caregivers, such as babysitters and supervisors at daycare, schools, and recreational activities, as well as relatives and friends who may supervise them.






Making sure all necessary people receive the action plan means that the individual with asthma can ensure these other people will enforce the necessary actions. Consequently, they reduce their risk of having a severe asthma attack.


What are the treatments for asthma?


Asthma is a chronic, long-term disease that causes inflammation and blockage of a person's airways. While no cure exists, many measures are available that can help people control the condition and improve their quality of life.

Treatment focuses on a person keeping their chronic symptoms in check and avoiding triggers while receiving quick relief during severe flare-ups.


Doctors call a flare-up of asthma symptoms an asthma attack, and the treatment they prescribe tries to limit further attacks and reduce the need for rapid medication.


Also, treatment aims to restore and maintain a person's lung function, activity levels, and sleep patterns.


As the disease has a variety of causes and people of all ages can have it, most individuals will have a different action plan and course of treatment.


In this article, we explore the management options for asthma.






Controlling asthma


Asthma care places responsibility for treatment with both the doctor and the individual with the condition.


Working with a doctor and following the suggested action plan to the letter is vital for reducing the impact of asthma.


Avoiding asthma triggers is a primary way to reduce the risk of a severe attack and chronic symptoms.


Exercise is a potential trigger but maintaining an active physical regimen is an essential part of healthful living. People can ask their doctor about medications that might improve their asthma symptoms during physical activity.


Asthma action plan

When a doctor diagnoses asthma, they will take into account the causes. Nevertheless, adapting asthma treatment into an existing lifestyle is necessary for keeping symptoms in check.


An asthma action plan will guide a person through the following:


taking medication correctly

avoiding triggers

measuring levels of asthma control

responding to attacks or worsening symptoms

getting emergency care if necessary

The doctor will personalize the action plan to the individual's specific needs and take them through how they must actively participate.


When a child receives an asthma action plan, they must share it with any caregivers, such as babysitters and supervisors at daycare, schools, and recreational activities, as well as relatives and friends who may supervise them.


Making sure all necessary people receive the action plan means that the individual with asthma can ensure these other people will enforce the necessary actions. Consequently, they reduce their risk of having a severe asthma attack.


Asthma Treatment and Using an Inhaler


There's no cure for asthma, a chronic lung disease marked by inflammation of the bronchial tubes (airways) of the lungs.


But a number of treatments for asthma are available — both to help prevent symptoms, and to treat them when they do occur.


Without proper treatment, asthma may get worse as you get older, with asthma attacks increasing in their frequency and severity.


Treatment for asthma aims to do the following:


Quickly resolve symptoms when they occur

Prevent symptoms and attacks

Improve your sleep and activity levels 

Asthma Inhalers

Most modern inhaler-type devices for asthma came into widespread use between the 1950s and the 1980s. 


Today, inhalers are synonymous with asthma. There are two main types of inhaler devices:


Metered-Dose Inhaler (MDI) This is the most commonly used type of inhaler. It has a boot-shaped mouthpiece into which a pressurized, medicine-containing canister is inserted. This design has been in use since 1956.


You deliver a measured dose of the medicine to your lungs by inserting the mouthpiece into your mouth and pushing down on the canister while inhaling.


Your MDI may have a counter that tells you how many doses are left in the canister.


It may be difficult to coordinate your inhalation with the release of medicine from your inhaler. This is an essential step to ensure that the medicine reaches your lungs, the main goal of inhaled therapy.


To decrease the chance that the medicine stays in your mouth, you can attach a holding chamber called a spacer to your MDI. (Some MDIs have built-in spacers.)


Spacers temporarily hold the released medicine, allowing you to inhale slowly, deeply, and at your own pace to get the full dose into your lungs.


Some MDIs, called breath-actuated inhalers, automatically release a puff of medicine when you inhale.


While MDIs originally used chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) as their propellant, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) phased out all CFC-based albuterol inhalers in 2008 due to the environmental damage caused by CFCs.

Dry-Powder Inhaler This type of device doesn’t use a chemical propellant to launch medicine into your lungs. Instead, it contains a powdered formula that you draw into your lungs with a deep, fast inhalation.

While not technically an inhaler, there’s yet another option for inhaling medicine:

Nebulizer If you have severe asthma and are unable to use a regular inhaler, a nebulizer may be a better option.

This machine turns liquid medicine into a fine mist that you inhale through a mouthpiece, a mask that fits over your nose and mouth, or into your mouth alone.

Nebulizers let you take your medicine while breathing normally, but they're more time-consuming to set up and use than inhalers. 

How to Use an Inhaler

Proper technique is essential when using an inhaler to make sure the medicine reaches your lungs as intended.

Follow your doctor’s instructions about using your inhaler either directly in your mouth, one to two inches away from your mouth, or using a spacer attachment.

Here are the steps to using an inhaler properly:

Remove the cap from the mouthpiece and inspect it for residue or blockages.

Shake the inhaler vigorously for a few seconds.

Take a deep breath and then exhale completely.

While standing or sitting upright, begin to breathe in slowly with the inhaler in place and press the button. Continue breathing in after pressing it.

Hold your breath for 5 to 10 seconds, then breathe out slowly using your mouth.

If you’ve successfully inhaled the medicine, you shouldn’t notice a strong chemical taste in your mouth — although a small aftertaste is normal. 

Medication to Control Asthma

Asthma medication falls into two general categories: drugs for quick relief and those for long-term control.

Quick-relief medication, which includes short-acting beta2-agonists and anticholinergics, is inhaled to relieve flare-ups of asthma symptoms.

Short-acting beta2-agonists — which include albuterol, levalbuterol, and terbutaline — are the first choice for quick relief of attacks. These drugs relax the smooth muscles around the airways and reduce swelling in the lining of the airways.

Anticholinergics — which include ipratropium — also relax the smooth muscles around the airways and reduce mucus production, but they work more slowly than short-acting beta2-agonists.

Quick-relief medication that combines ipratropium and albuterol is also available.

Long-term control medication helps prevent asthma symptoms by reducing the inflammation that makes your airways more sensitive to asthma triggers.

Numerous drugs for long-term control are available, including:

Inhaled Corticosteroids Corticosteroids are the standard treatment, and widely considered the most effective type of medicine to prevent attacks.

Inhaled Long-Acting Beta-Agonists These drugs should always be taken in combination with inhaled corticosteroids.

Omalizumab This injected drug, taken every two to four weeks, prevents your body from reacting to allergenic triggers.

Leukotriene Modifiers Taken by mouth, these drugs block either the production or the effect of leukotrienes, chemicals that can lead to asthma attacks.

Cromolyn Sodium This inhaled nonsteroidal drug prevents cells from releasing inflammation-causing chemicals. (This medication is rarely used now.)

Methylxanthines Taken by mouth, these drugs help relax and open the airways.

Oral Corticosteroids Taken in pill or liquid form, these drugs are used when other medicines don’t adequately prevent asthma attacks, and to treat certain cases of severe asthma. 

Home Remedies for Asthma

There are various steps you can take at home to help manage asthma.

Work with your doctor to create an asthma action plan that covers how to:

Take your medication properly

Avoid asthma triggers unrelated to physical activity, such as allergens and airborne irritants

Track your asthma control

Respond to worsening symptoms

Seek emergency care

Quit smoking, if you do

In addition, monitor your symptoms carefully. Keep track of what they are, when they occur, and their severity.


A peak flow meter is an inexpensive, handheld device that can help you monitor your condition.


It measures how quickly you can breathe air out of your lungs, an indicator of how well your lungs are functioning. 


It's also important to maintain a healthy diet and weight, as being overweight can worsen asthma symptoms. According to a June 2012 article published in the Journal of Asthma and Allergy, weight loss in obese people is associated with a 48 to 100 percent rate of asthma remission. 


Taking certain precautions can help prevent exercise-related asthma symptoms. Specifically, avoid exercising:


In cold, dry air

Shortly after you get a cold or have an asthma attack

During high pollen conditions

In environments with airborne irritants, such as cigarette smoke 

Asthma Treatment In Hindi

अस्थमा के लक्षण, बचाव और आयुर्वेदिक औषधियां

अस्थमा और एलर्जी पीड़ितों के लिए बदलता मौसम बड़ा खतरनाक होता है। क्योंकि मौसम बदलने के बाद जो धूल उड़ती है उससे कीटाणुओं को फैलने-पनपने का मौका मिल जाता है। यूं भी वातावरणीय कारकों से फैल रही एलर्जी के कारण अस्थमा के मरीज तेजी से बढ़ रहे हैं। इसके साथ बदलती जीवनशैली और प्रदूषण के कारण भी अस्थमा और एलर्जी के मरीज बढ़ रहे हैं। कुछ आयुर्वेदिक औषधियां इसमें काफी राहत देती हैं।

क्या होता है अस्थमा 

श्वास नलियों में सूजन से चिपचिपा बलगम इकट्ठा होने, नलियों की पेशियों के सख्त हो जाने के कारण मरीज को सांस लेने में तकलीफ होती है। इसे ही अस्थमा कहते हैं। अस्थमा किसी भी उम्र में यहां तक कि नवजात शिशुओं में भी हो सकता है। 

बचाव ही सर्वोत्तम उपाय :

धूल, मिट्टी, धुआं, प्रदूषण होने पर मुंह और नाक पर कपड़ा ढकें। सिगरेट के धुएं से भी बचें।

 ताजा पेन्ट, कीटनाशक, स्प्रे, अगरबत्ती, मच्छर भगाने की कॉइल का धुआं, खुशबूदार इत्र आदि से यथासंभव बचें।

 रंगयुक्त व फ्लेवर, एसेंस, प्रिजर्वेटिव मिले हुए खाद्य पदार्थों, कोल्ड ड्रिंक्स आदि से बचें।

अस्थमा में प्रचलित आयुर्वेदिक औषधियां :

कंटकारी अवलेह

वासावलेह

सितोपलादि चूर्ण

कनकासव

अगत्स्यहरीतिकी अवलेह

अस्थमा में कारगर जड़ी-बूटियां :

वासा- यह सिकुड़ी हुई श्वसन नलियों को चौड़ा करने का काम करती है। 

कंटकारी- यह गले और फेफड़ों में जमे हुए चिपचिपे पदार्थों को साफ करने का काम करती है। 

 पुष्करमूल- एंटीहिस्टामिन की तरह काम करने के साथ एंटीबैक्टीरियल गुण से भरपूर औषधि।

यष्टिमधु- यह भी गले को साफ करने का काम करती है। 

इन आयुर्वेदिक टिप्स से आप भी पा सकते हैं अपने अस्थमा पर काबू

तुलसी के 20 पत्तों को पानी से धो कर फिर उन पर कालीमिर्च पाउडर छिड़क कर खाने से श्वास रोग से आराम मिलता है।

छिलके सहित एक केले को हल्की आंच पर भुन लें। फिर इस केले का छिलका उतार कर इस पर काली मिर्च का पाउडर बुरक कर खाने से दमा रोग में लाभ प्राप्त होता है।

दमा रोग होने पर एक चम्मच हल्दी और दो चम्मच शहद को मिलाकर चाट लेने से असरदार फ़ायदा नज़र आता है। 

तुलसी के पत्तों का पेस्ट दो चम्मच शहद के साथ मिलाकर सेवन करने से अस्थमा रोग चला जाता है।

दमा रोग की अचूक दवा है 10 ग्राम मेथी के बीज को एक गिलास पानी मे उबाल लें और जब यह पककर तीसरा हिस्सा रह जाएं तो ठंडा करके इसे पी लें। यह दमा रोग का सरल उपाय अनेकों रोगों में फ़यदेमंद है।

चार सूखे अंजीर को रात में पानी मे भिगों कर सुबह खाली पेट सेवन करने से श्वास नली में जमा बलगम धीरे धीरे बाहर निकलने लगता है। जिससे दमा रोगी को राहत मिलती है।

अस्थमा रोग की रामबाण औषधि सहजन की पत्तियों को उबालकर छान लें और उसमें चुटकी भर नमक, एक चौथाई नींबू का रस और काली मिर्च पाउडर मिलाकर पी लें। कुछ ही दिनों में लाभ दिखने लगेगा।

शहद एक ऐसी औषधि है जिसकी सुगंध ही दमा रोगी को फ़ायदा पहुँचाती है। इसके लिए एक शहद भरे बर्तन को रोगी के नाक के नीचे रखें और शहद की गंध श्वास के साथ लें, इससे दमा में राहत मिलती है।

दमा उपचार लहसुन की 10 कली को 100 मिली दूध में उबाल लें और इस मिश्रण को सुबह-शाम लेने से दमा रोगी के स्वास्थ्य को लाभ मिलता है।

एक चम्मच आंवला रस मे दो चम्मच शहद मिलाकर लेने से फेफड़े ताकत वर  \बनते हैं और धीरे धीरे यह रोग गायब हो जाता है। इसलिए आंवला को उपयोगी जड़ी बूटी माना गया है।


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